Vienna is very proud of its excellent level of quality of life but at the same time is concerned about the growth of its population that is estimated to reach two million inhabitants by 2023. The development of the Smart City is a priority that has its Starting point in the city of Aspern.
Maintaining that level of quality of life and conserving natural resources goes through the development of the city towards smart City. Birgit Ginzler from Urban Innovation Vienna tells us that one of the keys to a more sociable city is the use of public transport.
In fact, 50% of the Viennese use it, compared to 25% who use the private car, 20% who walk and 5% who use the bicycle or other means. One of the facts that determines the great use of public transport is the annual bonus with a price of 365 euros, that is, 1 euro per day, with which you can use any type of means throughout the city.
It is striking that although the arrival of the electric car is one of the changes that will help reduce polluting emissions, the city of Vienna does not take special care of its development with advantages such as free parking. It is treated as a private car whether it is electric or combustion and according to Ginzler, the city tries to avoid private vehicle traffic.
However, Vienna is installing fast charging points to facilitate the arrival of the electric car to the city , and supporting the taxi guild to transform its fleet into 100% electric.
Smart City Vienna
But a Smart City is not just mobility, one of the legs of a chair that also includes urbanism, energy and social activity.
The Smart City Vienna initiative began in 2011 with the help of Urban Innovation Vienna , universities, associations and private companies, and shaped its laboratory in the new city of Aspern, which is expected to complete construction in 2028.
For the time being, a quarter of 240 hectares has been built that will contain more than 11,000 family units and space for offices, factories, shopping and leisure centers, and colleges and universities.
He also calls the attention that there will only be 2,200 parking spaces in the community car parks . The idea is that Aspern inhabitants move to their jobs or study by bicycle, scooter, walking or public transport, because in most cases their work centers will be in the same city. For the trips to Vienna, the extension of metro line 2 that was put into service in 2013 is used.
Company and innovation
As the first business unit, the Seestadt Tecnology Center was created in 2012 , a building that housed 23 companies related to research and development, which represent the highest sustainability standards.
Among the five tall buildings that will be built, highlights HoHo Wien, the highest hybrid wooden tower in the world, which will house a new generation of sustainable companies.
The distribution of the parcel will be made from the City Hub, which will use electric bicycles for door-to-door distribution. A NAVYA autonomous bus , will travel the streets of Aspern from 2019 in test mode.
The energy needed to light and heat Aspern homes will have an investment of about 38.5 million euros and will be based on photovoltaic generation, geothermal and District heating and heat pumps.
Both the electric power and the heat needed to heat the homes will be managed by the buildings themselves, which will be able to store or transfer the surplus energy to the network. Each neighbor, through his smartphone, can monitor his home and decide on its production.
One of the emblematic buildings of Aspern for its special attention to energy efficiency is the one that houses the nursery and primary school. The 4,000m2 of construction, have an annual energy cost of about 10,000 euros, thanks to its geothermal, solar energy and aerothermal facilities.