States along the U.S. east coast have plans to deploy more than 19,300 MW of offshore wind capacity through 2035, according to an analysis by S&P Global Market Intelligence and S&P Global Platts.
Legislation, regulation and, now, approved power purchase agreements are encouraging the development of new capacity, although there are only 30 MW of operational offshore wind resources in the US to date. Grid operators may have to modify their procedures to accommodate the resources to be added.
New York has set the pace for offshore wind energy goals after Governor Andrew Cuomo signed legislation last July for the state to get 9,000 MW of offshore wind electricity by 2035. The state also selected two offshore wind projects, one proposed by Norway’s Equinor, called Empire Wind, and another by a joint venture between Denmark’s Ørsted and U.S.-based Eversource Energy, called Sunrise Wind.
Massachusetts has an official offshore wind target of 1,600 MW by 2027, although Governor Charlie Baker’s administration is considering an additional 1,600 MW to boost the state’s acquisition targets. The state-owned distribution companies have already contracted part of the production of the 800 MW Vineyard offshore wind project, to be carried out by Vineyard Wind, a company 50% owned by Iberdrola with the Danish Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP), who, as reported yesterday by El Periódico de la Energía, aspire to expand their offshore wind ‘mega-project’ in Massachusetts waters and have issued a request for proposals for up to 800 MW more.
In New Jersey, Governor Phil Murphy signed an executive order directing the State Utilities Board to work on initiatives to support 3,500 MW of offshore wind energy by 2030. In June, state regulators selected Ørsted’s 1,100 MW offshore wind farm.
Connecticut recently adjusted its clean energy targets to include 2,000 MW of offshore wind, issuing a request for proposals on August 16. The state’s electric companies have already contracted a portion of the Revolution Wind Offshore Project’s 704 MW production. Another portion of that facility’s production will go to utilities in Rhode Island, which has a clean energy target of 1,000 MW set in 2017 by Governor Gina Raimondo that also includes offshore wind energy.