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The Climate Summit is “an opportunity to place Spain at the forefront of the fight against the climate crisis”.

This is what Friends of the Earth, an environmental organization, says with a view to the start, in Madrid, of the twenty-fifth session of the Conference of Parties (CoP25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The oenegé ecologist stresses the need for the international meeting to become “a turning point for climate action.


Friends of the Earth will be present at CoP25, which will host Madrid between 2 and 13 December. The oenegé will have in the capital an international delegation formed by more than 30 people from different countries that will bring the voices of the population of the Global South, Indonesia, Nigeria, El Salvador, Chile, Costa Rica, Togo, Georgia, Australia, Sri Lanka or Japan, as well as other European countries. The international oenegé considers that “the current situation requires urgent and far-reaching measures always based on climate justice” and, for this, “it is essential to listen to the proposals of the Global South, and take the most appropriate decisions”.

In this sense, Friends of the Earth recalls that yesterday, the World Meteorological Organization confirmed that the global average concentration of carbon dioxide reached an all-time high of 407.8 parts per million by 2018. The last time that concentration had occurred on Earth, sea level was 20 meters above current level. “These figures – the ecologists point out – lead us to the worst-case scenario presented by the Intergovernmental Panel of Experts on Climate Change, and therefore it is crucial that climate and energy policies for the next decade are ambitious and binding, otherwise, humanity and species will face serious problems of subsistence.

According to Friends of the Earth, the Madrid Climate Summit must rise to the occasion “and leave several sections tied up within the Agreement that guarantee the action of all parties in coherence with science”. Along these lines, the environmentalist denial considers it “vital” that governments commit themselves to increasing their greenhouse gas reduction targets, for which they will have to close the “review and accountability dates”. At the same time, Friends of the Earth hopes to “see progress in areas such as financing, based on climate justice and a just transition, in forests and agriculture, damages and losses, cities and transparency in climate action.

Héctor de Prado from the area of Climate Justice: “carbon markets are a tool that in no case has proven its usefulness. The mechanism of putting a price on a ton of carbon dioxide and then starting to speculate with emission rights is a measure that we have seen fail spectacularly since Kyoto: emissions have not decreased, they have been made up. We need measures that serve to accelerate the transformation of our energy system and our consumption in general, not carbon credits or other measures that serve to postpone effective climate action”.

Solidarity with the Chilean population

In its battle for climate justice, the environmental organization highlights “the injustice of holding the CoP for the third consecutive year in a European country, which is cause for criticism both inside and outside Spain. For this reason, Friends of the Earth considers it “indispensable that a great effort be made to open spaces and let the Global South be heard in Madrid: climate justice must be present in every corner of the negotiations” (the United Nations had planned to hold this CoP25 in Santiago de Chile, but the riots that have taken place in the capital of the Andean country and the political instability that that nation is currently experiencing have ended in the city’s renunciation of hosting this Summit).

With a view to the CoP, the environmental organisation is calling on the Spanish Government to take the following measures

– Set its targets in line with the necessary reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) identified by the IPCC (global emissions reduction between 40 to 60% by 2030 compared to 2010). The Strategic Framework for Energy and Climate should aim for a reduction for Spain of at least 50% by 2030 with respect to 1990.

– Commit to close all coal-fired power plants in Spain by 2025, and nuclear power plants when they reach 40 years of operation, with just transition plans.

– Promote a decentralized energy system based on renewable energy that guarantees citizen participation and blinds collective initiatives for energy generation and management. Inclusion of a binding Community energy target in the energy and climate plans.

– Press for the EU to set an emissions reduction target of at least 65% by 2030 compared to 1990.

– Reject false solutions (carbon markets, geo-engineering) and promote nature-based climate solutions, recognising the relevance of diverse ecosystems, carbon sinks and biodiversity.

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