Madrid Business Forum has organized, with the collaboration of CIEMAT, the Collaborative Energy Day: a viable alternative
Within the Energy Transition Cycle 2018/2019, Madrid Business Forum has organized, with the collaboration of CIEMAT (Center for Energy, Environmental and Technological Research), the Conference ‘Collaborative Energy: a viable alternative’. “Although collaborative consumption in general is not something new, digitization has managed to transform it,” recalled the head of the Head of the Renewable Energy Division of CIEMAT, Mercedes Ballesteros, pointing to an “energetic context” of transition towards 100% clean energy “That will need” a great contribution from the citizen “.
For his part, the head of the Department of Regulatory Framework and Corporate Strategy for the Energy Transition of IDAE, Hugo Lucas, recalled a series of data that corroborate that “the energy transition has already arrived”, as indicated that “in 2013 there would be 4,000 electric vehicles in the world, and in 2016, two million will be counted “. Lucas has ventured to anticipate that “Spain could reach 4.5 million electric vehicles by 2030”, yes, in the broad sense of the term .
Although he admits that it is a process in which “regulators are behind technological developments,” Lucas recalled that “the role of the citizen in the sustainable energy transition is based on three actors: municipalities, corporations and citizens.” In the end we are all consumers, because “just as 12 of the 35 IBEX companies have contracted 100% renewable energy, we citizens also do it”. That does not include the role of producers acquired by consumers: “In Europe there are 1,250 renewable energy cooperatives that represent one million people”, assured the IDAE representative. “Although the transition is something that is already happening today, more disclosure is needed”, because”The fear of the consumer” to change the model “is fought with information”, in fact, “the change will not be possible without a well informed consumer” .
To delve into the participation of municipalities as a driver of energy change, the conference has had the intervention of the councilor for Citizen Participation, Transparency and New Technologies of the City of Alpedrete, José Antonio Alfonso, and the director of the Sustainable City Area Service and Territory, of the Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council, Rodrigo Irurzun.
The consistory of Alpedrete is applying tools to generate certainty , for example, “with bonuses – ranging from 5% to 10% – to photovoltaic installations in the domestic sphere with a power of less than 10kW”, as explained by Alfonso. The mayor of the municipality of Madrid has also stressed that one of the most active Citizen Councils of the town (with 54 members) is the Environment. The solar map able to identify the consumptions of the buildings of the locality and a specific program for the promotion of the energetic efficiency in the educational centers are other of the tools put at the disposal of the alpedreteños.
Citizen energetic transition
On the part of the Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council, Rodrigo Irurzun, has stressed that, “if we want to move towards another energy and social model, we need to reduce our energy consumption by 25% or 30%, and drastically reduce the consumption of energy of origin fossil”. “At the level of citizenship, we have to empower ourselves: the energy transition must be named as a citizen’s name” , concludes Irurzun.
Among the issues discussed has not lacked the figure of the consumer as an active part of the energy market, with the help of Cayetana Crespo, Department of Products and Services of the OCU. For Crespo, citizens “are still very far from knowing that they can be prosumers (producers-consumers)”, and he recalled the interesting opportunities offered by the heat networks in terms of collaborative energy. “Now we have an active collective purchase of biomass” with the aim of offering “comfort and quality assurance” to consumers. Since the OCU also claim more information for users.
Self-consumers generate value for the system
For the head of Energy Policy of UNEF , Aída González, “photovoltaics will have an essential role in collaborative energy” . To illustrate the level of development in other countries , it has referred to renewable energy purchase-sale projects among small producers; to the active management of demand; to virtual networks of shared self-consumption, and to the financing of renewables between communities. All of them activities in which “self-consumers generate value for themselves and for the system”.
The director of Energy Services of Iberdrola, Luis Gutiérrez Ochoa, has claimed the necessary role of the big electricity companies to achieve this energy model, “because you can not leave out the big companies that have millions of customers, and whose function is to bring the benefits of technology to users . ” For Gutiérrez Ochoa, the key is to think of the 8,760 hours of the year, that is, “in one’s own consumption” from a global perspective. Iberdrola works on collective self-consumption projects “for housing blocks, commercial estates and urbanizations”, something that is “a challenge” for the company because it is “facilities that incorporate different load curves and various modalities”, although “we are still waiting for final regulation”, acknowledges the manager.