Wind power has become a key energy source in the face of migration to the new energy paradigm. During 2018 its generation grew by almost 10% worldwide. The United States, China, Germany and India are its main world producers, while in the Latin American region, the use of wind is led by Brazil.
One of the objectives of Sustainable Development agreed by the countries that are part of the UN is to produce sustainable electricity. If this goal is to be met by 2030, it is necessary to invest in solar, wind and thermal infrastructure.
To develop the smart grid, the work of generating electricity from renewable energy must be completed. In addition, the internet of things will become another key aspect during the change in the global energy efficiency matrix.
Now, what have been the contributions of this type of energy in the world? Let us look at a few examples:
Wind energy in Uruguay: the Uruguayan pampa is splashed by windmills as part of the country’s strategy to abandon the use of fossil fuels. Wind farms produce about 48 percent of its energy demand; this makes it the nation with the best rural electrification in all of Latin America.
Danish windmills: they are part of the Danish tradition, but for some years now, this country has been betting on offshore wind. From 2013, wind energy generated half of the country’s electricity demand; this is the result of an interaction between public institutions, research centers, industry and citizens, who invest in shares of wind companies.
Wind energy in Argentina: with the help of a foundation, the rural area of Cholila, located in Chubut, Patagonia Argentina, is provided with wind energy. Throughout the school year, students from the local school build a wind turbine and install it in a family home.
El viento de la Guajira: as part of Colombia’s commitment to combat the greenhouse effect, work is being done on a wind farm that could begin operations in 2022. This will be installed in the Alta Guajira, because in this location the winds are optimal for generating this type of energy.
The Asian wind giant: China is the world’s largest producer of wind energy and installed the largest capacity of wind farms in 2018. It is expected to remain the largest turbine market in the future.
Grupo Nestlé de México: positioned itself as the first food company in Mexico to obtain 85% of its required energy through mechanical energy produced by wind. With this measure, the company stopped emitting more than 124,000 tons of CO2, which is equivalent to taking 39,000 compact cars out of circulation each year.
Domestic wind turbines: wind energy is not exclusive to governments or industries; ordinary citizens can also implement it in their homes. In Spain, Repowering Solutions markets wind turbines for families and small businesses.
Offshore wind energy in the Canary Islands: offshore wind energy plays a major role in the European energy transition. In fact, the Canary Islands are working to install the first large wind farm in the Spanish sea that would be operational in 2024.
Wind trains in Holland: since 2017, electric passenger trains running in Holland have been running on wind energy. This brings hope for renewable energy and it is hoped that success will inspire other high-speed rail projects around the world.
Scottish Wind Christmas: 23 December 2016 set a record for Scottish wind energy. From that day until the 26th, the wind turbines produced the power that allowed all the energy consumed in the territory to come from the winds.
Humanity is reaching a point of no return in energy matters; it is less and less dependent on oil derivatives. In the particular case of wind energy, based on the technology developed, it is expected that the future is in the sea winds.